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Cognitive behavioural therapy is a form of psychotherapy. In this treatment, you gain insight into your thinking patterns. You examine how your thoughts are related to your feelings and behaviour. You then learn how to change thoughts that give undesired feelings into thoughts that do bring desirable feelings.

What is it?

Cognitive behavioural therapy is a form of psychotherapy that teaches you to look at and deal with problematic situations differently. Problems are influenced and perpetuated by a person’s thoughts and behaviour according to cognitive behavioural therapy. By examining, discussing and changing those behaviours and thoughts, psychological symptoms decrease. During treatment, you actively work with the practitioner to achieve improvement in your symptoms. Cognitive behavioural therapy is a combination of behavioural therapy and cognitive therapy.

What is behavioural therapy?

Behavioural therapy focuses mainly on changing behaviour. This is because how someone behaves largely determines how the person feels. Tension will often be reduced initially if someone is inclined to avoid certain situations out of fear, t. But in the long run it will worsen rather than diminish. In a behavioural therapy treatment, you and the practitioner first identify the problematic behaviour and the circumstances in which it occurs. The practitioner then helps you learn more appropriate behaviour patterns for those circumstances. Both making an inventory of the behaviour you suffer from and devising and preparing exercises with new, more appropriate behaviour are done together with the practitioner.

What is cognitive therapy?

Cognitive therapy addresses a person’s thoughts and the emotions influenced by those thoughts. Those who constantly view important issues and events in their lives from a negative point of view become and remain anxious, gloomy or irritable more easily. In cognitive therapy, the client, together with the practitioner, examines whether this way of thinking is entirely consistent with reality. A more appropriate way of thinking is figured out if it turns out that a person judges all kinds of things negatively, . In working out more realistic, often more positive thoughts, the practitioner uses specific cognitive challenge techniques and homework exercises. Here, the future is more important than the past.

What does cognitive behavioural therapy look like in terms of content?

The therapist will dwell relatively briefly on the client’s childhood experiences. Cognitive behavioural therapy i focuses much more on the present and less on the client’s past. The client gradually arrives at new thoughts and different, more positive, behaviour. Because training in the treatment room, in real life and through all kinds of homework, It has been shown that changing behaviour and changing thoughts can go well together. Both forms of psychotherapy use largely the same methods, such as doing homework and exercises.

A cognitive behavioural therapist often talks with the client about difficult situations and how the client behaves in them. The therapist also wants to know how the client thinks about such difficult situations. Not only do these therapists talk about different topics with their clients, the conversations often have a somewhat different colour or tone. In many other therapies, clients are encouraged to explore within themselves what they feel or what they want. During that process of self-examination, other therapists are relatively silent and reticent. In contrast to cognitive behavioural therapists who tend to be more active. They are more likely to explore bottlenecks and ways of dealing with things with the client. This premise makes cognitive behavioural therapists more likely to give advice and guidelines, make homework arrangements with the client and do certain exercises with the client in the therapy setting.

For whom is this therapy suitable?

Cognitive behavioural therapy helps with various complaints (among others): anxiety and panic disorders, ADHD, negative self-image, depression, compulsive disorders, stress, burn-out and sleep problems. Especially in the long term, cognitive behavioural therapy often works even better than medication. It works in adults as well as children and adolescents.

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